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Scottish One Health Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance in 2019

Published on 07 September 2021

From: Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infection Scotland

Revised 7 September 2021. During the production of the report for 2020, data quality issues were found in the 2019 report.



An unplanned revision has been undertaken and corrections to figures and messages have been highlighted in red. Updates have also been made to the Animal Antimicrobial Use and Minimising the spread of AMR through the environment sections. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) remains a major public health issue. AMR occurs when microorganisms, such as bacteria, adapt the ability to survive exposure to a treatment that would normally kill them. Inappropriate and unnecessary antibiotic use speeds up the development of AMR. A ‘One Health’ approach is required to tackle AMR and its drivers across all settings (humans, animals and the environment). This report provides information relating to antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in a range of human and animal infections in Scotland. The report is intended to support planning, prioritisation and evaluation of initiatives to optimise antimicrobial use and to minimise antimicrobial resistance.

Should you wish to view the SONAAR 2019 Appendix, please contact the team using this email address: